Full Title
House Bill No.
H. No. 339
Date of Approval
June 14, 1962

Other Details

Issuance Category
Legislative Issuance Type
Bill Note

Official Gazette

Official Gazette Source
Official Gazette vol. 58 no. 42 page 6840 (October 15, 1962)

Full Text of Issuance

H. No. 339 / 58 OG No. 42, 6840 (October 15, 1962)

[ REPUBLIC ACT NO. 3452, June 14, 1962 ]


Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled:SECTION 1. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the Government that in order to stabilize the price of palay, rice and corn, it shall engage in the purchase of these basic foods directly from those tenants, farmers, growers, producers and landowners in the Philippines who wish to dispose of their produce at a price that will afford them a fair and just return for their labor and capital investment, and whenever circumstances brought about by any cause, natural or artificial, should so require, shall sell and dispose of these commodities to the consumers at areas of consumption at a price that is within their reach.SEC. 2. To carry out the foregoing policy, there is hereby created the Rice and Corn Administration under the Office of the President of the Philippines. The Administration shall maintain regional offices in Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.SEC. 3. With a view to regulating the level of supply of rice and corn throughout the country, the Administration is authorized to accumulate stocks as a national reserve in such quantities as it may deem proper and necessary to meet any contingencies. The buffer stocks held as a national reserve shall be deposited by the Administration throughout the country under appropriate dispersal plans in bonded warehouses, either government-owned or privately-owned, and may be released only upon the occurrence of calamities or emergencies, or when there is spiralling of local prices or if a declared surplus is announced by the government agencies concerned the same may be exported.SEC. 4. The powers of the Administration shall be vested in, and exercised by, a Board of Administrators to be composed of a chairman and four members, two of whom shall be representatives, respectively, of the rice and corn consumers, and the other two, respectively, of the rice and corn producers, one of whom shall at the same time be a miller, to be appointed by the President of the Philippines with the consent of the Commission on Appointments. The chairman and the four members of the Board shall be natural-born citizens of the Philippines and shall possess unquestioned probity and wide experience in the rice and corn industry and shall hold office for four years unless sooner removed for cause. The chairman and each member of the Board shall receive a per diem of twenty-five pesos for each meeting actually attended by them: Provided, however, That in no case shall they receive more than four hundred pesos a month including privileges, allowances and expenses.SEC. 5. The management of the Administration shall be vested in a General Manager who shall be appointed by the Board and shall receive compensation at the rate of eighteen thousand pesos per annum. The General Manager shall direct and manage the affairs of the Administration in behalf of the Board of Administrators and subject to its control and supervision. He shall fix the number and, subject to WAPCO salary plan allowed by the Civil Service, salaries of, and appoint, subject to theCivil Service Law and with the consent of the Board of Administrators, such subordinate employees as may be necessary for the proper discharge of the duties of the Administration. He shall suspend on otherwise discipline, for cause and subject to Civil Service Law, any subordinate employee of the Administration with the consent of the Board of Administrators and perform such other duties as may be assigned by the Board.SEC. 6. There shall be an Assistant General Manager, who shall receive compensation at the rate of eight thousand pesos per annum. The Assistant General Manager shall assist the General Manager and perform such other functions as may be assigned to him by the Board and/or General Manager.SEC. 7. The General Manager and the Assistant General Manager shall be natural-born citizens of the Philippines, not less than forty years of age, of proven honesty and integrity and with experience in the rice and corn business for not less than five years.SEC. 8. To enable the rice and/corn growers, producers and landowners, including the small farmers and tenants to avail of the benefits of this Act, the Administration or any of its agencies must buy at the price that will afford producers a fair and just return for their labor and capital investment as hereunder provided.

  1. For each cavan of clean and dry palay of ordinary variety as classified by the Administration weighing forty-five kilos, F.O.B.  nearest Rice and Corn  Administration center, not less than P11.50 nor more than P12.50.
  2. For  each   cavan   of  corn  of  fifty-six  kilos,   F.O.B. nearest  Rice   and  Corn  Administration   center,   not  less than P9.00: Provided, however, That a farmer or tenant to be  entitled to  sell to the  Administration  must first certify his total production   for the year.  Farmers  and tenants with production of not more than one hundred cavanes are entitled to priorities and those whose total production exceeds one hundred cavanes shall be entitled to sell not more than twenty-five per cent of the excess of the one hundred cavanes.

The Administration shall announce any changes in the floor price for palay and the ceiling price for rice and corn at least two months before the regular rice or corn planting season, which announcement shall be given as wide a publicity as possible.SEC. 9. In order to afford the consumers adequate supply of rice and corn at minimum prices, the Administration is directed to sell the rice recovered from the palay purchased by it at not less than eighty centavos nor more than one peso per ganta of the ordinary variety, and the corn grits at not less than forty centavos nor more than forty-five centavos per ganta.SEC. 10. The Administration shall coordinate, supervise, direct and control the activities of all existing governmental agencies; provide incentives to farmers, growers and producers; acquire adequate motor vehicles to be used in the procurement and distribution of rice, corn and palay: Provided, however, That the acquisition of motor vehicles shall be done by public bidding and such vehicles shall be of the diesel types if available: Provided, further, That the offer at such public bidding shall in no case be more than the market price of such vehicles; and issue rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act or effectively implement and execute the rice and corn program: Provided, That the Rice and Corn Administration or any other government agency is hereby prohibited from importing rice and corn: Provided, further, That the importation of rice and corn is left to private parties upon payment of the corresponding taxes.SEC. 11. The Administration is authorized to inspect and take records of palay, rice, and corn stocks stored by any person, partnership or corporation, and to enter the premises where these commodities may be found for inspection and record.SEC. 12. The President of the Philippines is hereby authorized to declare a rice and corn emergency any time he deems necessary in the public interest. During the emergency period, the Rice and Corn Administration, upon the direction of the President, shall, subject to constitutional limitation, conduct raids, seizures, and confiscation of rice and corn hoarded in any private warehouse or bodega: Provided, That the Rice and Corn; Administration shall pay such confiscated rice and corn at the prevailing consumer's price of the Rice and Corn Administration.SEC. 13. The National Rice and Corn Corporation is hereby abolished and all its assets, liabilities, functions, powers which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, and all personnel are transferred to the Administration.SEC. 14. The sum of one hundred million pesos is hereby appropriated, out of any funds in the National Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the capitalization of the Administration: Provided, That the annual operational expenses of the Administration shall not exceed three million pesos of the said amount: Provided, further, That the budget of the Rice and Corn Administration for the fiscal year nineteen hundred and sixty-three to nineteen hundred and sixty-four and the years thereafter shall be included in the General Appropriations submitted to  Congress.SEC. 15. Any person who shall violate any provision of this Act or any rule and regulation promulgated pursuant thereto shall be punished by a fine of not more than ten thousand pesos and imprisonment of not more than five years. If the offender is a public official and/or employee, he shall in addition suffer perpetual disqualification to hold public office.SEC. 16. All laws or parts thereof inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed or modified accordingly.SEC. 17. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.Approved, June 14, 1962.

Source: Supreme Court E-Library